Southeast Asia Saltwater Fish Identification Part 2

Southeast Asia saltwater fish identification is created to make identification of common marine fish species found in South East Asia easy. The Southeast Asia region contains more than 75% of worldwide reef building coral species, approximately 75% of the worldwide mangrove species and over 45% of worldwide seagrass species that provide suitable habitats for various life form.

The list below are fish species caught in Tanjung Leman which is situated facing the South China Sea in the southern state of Johor, Malaysia. Located in the Central Indo-Pacific basin, Malaysia represents one of the most spectacular and richest marine species habitat in the world. There are approximately 2250 different species of fish in Malaysia, thanks to the unique geographic location and tropical climate.

The fish images below are all fresh fish photographed mostly while still in the sea. The list arranged based on the International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants, also includes names in languages and dialects used in Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia. Update will be done whenever new photograph is available and name of the species are identified. There are about 150 species posted here and still collecting.


Division Group: Jacks, Mullets, Sauries, etc (ISSCAAP 34)

Common Name: African Pompano
Scientific Name: Alectis ciliaris (Bloch, 1787)
Mandarin Name: 长丝镜(Cháng sī jìng), 镜鱼 (Jìng yú), 大眼照明 (Dà yǎn zhào míng)
Local Malay Name: Rambai Ebek






Common Name: Indian Threadfish
Scientific Name: Alectis indica (Rüppell, 1830)
Mandarin Name:斧头鲳(Fǔtóu chāng), 牛公鲳 (Niú gōng chāng), 镜鱼 (Jìng yú), 照明 (Zhào míng)Local Malay Name: Rambai Sagai








Common Name: Longfin Trevally
Scientific Name: Carangoides armatus (Rüppell, 1830)
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 甲若鰺 ( Jiǎ ruò shēn )
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cermin, Sagai, Rambai, Cermin, Cupak, Demudok Putih






Common Name: Yellowspotted Trevally
Scientific Name: Carangoides fulvoguttatus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 花点水鲳 (Huā diǎn shuǐ chāng), 星點若鰺 (Xīng diǎn ruò shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Sagai, Cermin, Cupak, Demudok Bintik Kuning






Common Name: Bludger
Scientific Name: Carangoides gymnostethus (Cuvier, 1833)
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 裸胸若鰺 (Luǒ xiōng ruò shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cermin, Cupak, Ewe Karm, Demudok Nyior-nyior






Common Name: Bumpnose Trevally
Scientific Name: Carangoides hedlandensis (Whitley, 1934)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Demudok, Putih, Demudok Lekuk






Common Name: Malabar Trevally
Scientific Name: Carangoides malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Local Malay Name: Demudok, Ikan Rambai
Local Hokkien: Ngiau Chu Kam






Common Name: Barcheek Trevally
Scientific Name: Carangoides plagiotaenia Bleeker, 1857
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 斜条鲹 (Xié tiáo shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Sagai, Cermin, Cupak, Demudok Pipi Calit






Common Name: Brownback Trevally
Scientific Name: Carangoides praeustus (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cupak, Putih, Demudok Abu-abu






Common Name: Giant Trevally
Scientific Name: Caranx ignobilis (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 金骨 (Jīn gǔ), 牛公鲳 (Niú gōng chāng), 牛港鲳 (Niú gǎng chāng)
Local Malay Name: Gerepuh,Putih, Belukok Mamong
Local Hokkien: Gu Kang Cheoh


Juvenile


Adult



Common Name: Bluefin Trevally
Scientific Name: Caranx melampygus Cuvier, 1833
Mandarin Name: 蓝鳍金骨 (Lán qí jīn gǔ)
Local Malay Name: Belukok Sirip Biru, Demudok, Kerepoh






Common Name: Bigeye Trevally
Scientific Name: Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard, 1825
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cupak, Belukok Putih, Kerepoh






Common Name: Golden Trevally,Golden Jack
Scientific Name: Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 黄合鲳 (Huáng hé chāng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gomblang, Gerong-gerong, Kalakitok, Kerong, Gerong Belang
Local Hokkien: Boon Nang, Boon Hong


Juvenile


Adult



Common Name: Longrakered Trevally
Scientific Name: Ulua mentalis (Cuvier, 1833)
Mandarin Name: 镜鲳 (Jìng chāng), 羽鰓鰺 (Yǔ sāi shēn), 丝口鲹 (Sī kǒu shēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cermin, Sagai Mulut Hitam






Common Name: Talang Queenfish, Leatherskin
Scientific Name: Scomberoides commersonnianus Lacepède, 1801
Mandarin Name: 舢舨跳 (Shānbǎn tiào), 三保公 (Sānbǎo gōng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Talang Bongkok, Talang Lima Jari
Local Hokkien: Sam Pan Thiao, Sam Poh Gong, Tua Peh Gong








Common Name: Barred Queenfish
Scientific Name: Scomberoides tala (Cuvier, 1832)
Mandarin Name: 舢舨跳 (Shānbǎn tiào), 三保公 (Sānbǎo gōng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Talang-Talang, Talang Padi
Local Hokkien: Sam Pan Thiao, Sam Poh Gong, Tua Peh Gong








Common Name: Needlescaled Queenfish
Scientific Name: Scomberoides tol (Cuvier, 1832)
Mandarin Name: 舢舨跳 (Shānbǎn tiào), 三保公 (Sānbǎo gōng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Talang-Talang, Seliat, Sampantiau, Talang Lampai
Local Hokkien: Sam Pan Thiao, Sam Poh Gong, Tua Peh Gong






Common Name: Great Barracuda
Scientific Name: Sphyraena barracuda (Edwards, 1771)
Mandarin Name: 巴拉金梭鱼 (Bā lā jīn suō yú), 山君鱼 (Shān jūn yú), 竹梭 (Zhú suō)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Alu-Alu, Kacang-kacang, Alu-alu Besar
Local Hokkien: Sua Gun
Local Teochew: Teik So








Common Name: Yellowtail Barracuda
Scientific Name: Sphyraena flavicauda  Rüppell, 1838
Mandarin Name: 黄尾金梭鱼 (Huáng wěi jīn suō yú), 山君鱼 (Shān jūn yú), 竹梭 (Zhú suō)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Alu-Alu, Kacang-kacang Ekor Kuning
Local Hokkien: Sua Gun
Local Teochew: Teik So






Common Name: Bigeye Barracuda
Scientific Name: Sphyraena forsteri  Cuvier, 1829
Mandarin Name: 大眼金梭鱼 (Dà yǎn jīn suō yú), 山君鱼 (Shān jūn yú), 竹梭 (Zhú suō)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Alu-Alu, Tenak, Kacang-kacang Mata Besar
Local Hokkien: Sua Gun
Local Teochew: Teik So





Common Name: Pickhandle Barracuda
Scientific Name: Sphyraena jello Cuvier, 1829
Mandarin Name: 尖梭 (Jiān suō), 竹梭 (Zhú suō)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Alu-alu, Kacang-kacang, Alu-alu Belang
Local Hokkien: Sua Gun
Local Teochew: Teik So






Common Name: Sawtooth Barracuda
Scientific Name: Sphyraena putnamae  Jordan & Seale, 1905
Mandarin Name: 尖梭 (Jiān suō), 竹梭 (Zhú suō)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Alu-alu, Kacang-kacang, Alu-alu Gigi Gergaji
Local Hokkien: Sua Gun
Local Teochew: Teik So






Common Name: Blackfin Barracuda
Scientific Name: Sphyraena qenie Klunzinger, 1870
Mandarin Name: 暗鳍金梭鱼 (Àn qí jīn suō yú), 山君鱼 (Shān jūn yú), 竹梭 (Zhú suō)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Alu-Alu, Kacang-kacang Sirip Hitam
Local Hokkien: Sua Gun
Local Teochew: Teik So








Common Name: Hardtail Scad
Scientific Name: Megalaspis cordyla (Linnaeus, 1758)
Mandarin Name: 硬尾 (Yìng wěi)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Cincaru, Cencaru
Local Hokkien: Ngeh Buoy






Common Name: Yellowtail Scad
Scientific Name: Atule mate (Cuvier,1933)
Mandarin Name: 色腊 (Sè là)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selar Pelata, Selar Kuning, Temenong
Local Hokkien: Sek La






Common Name: Shrimp Scad
Scientific Name: Alepes djedaba (Forsskål, 1775)
Local Malay Name: Selar Pelata, Pelata Keledek








Common Name: Herring Scad
Scientific Name: Alepes vari (Cuvier, 1833)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelata Bali








Common Name: Razorbelly Scad
Scientific Name: Alepes kleinii (Bloch, 1793)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pelata, Pelata Perut Nipis








Common Name: Blackfin Scad
Scientific Name: Alepes melanoptera (Swainson, 1839)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selar Papan, Selar Malam, Pelata Malam






Common Name: Rainbow Runner
Scientific Name: Elagatis bipinnulata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pisang-pisang, Bitusan, Dung-dung






Common Name: Oxeye Scad
Scientific Name: Selar boops  (Cuvier, 1833)
Mandarin Name: 大目 (Dà Mù)
Local Malay Name: Kuning Jantan, Tulai, Lecek, Lolong Kuning
Local Hokkien: Kun Ning






Common Name: Bigeye Scad
Scientific Name: Selar crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793)
Mandarin Name: 大目 (Dà Mù)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selar Bulat, Pelata Bulat, Basung, Lolong Mata Besar
Local Hokkien: Tua Bak






Common Name: Yellowstripe Scad
Scientific Name: Selaroides leptolepis (Cuvier, 1833)
Mandarin Name: 金带细鲹 (Jīn dài xì shēn)
Local Malay Name: Selar Kuning, Pelata kuning
Local Hokkien: Kun Ning








Common Name: Greenback Mullet
Scientific Name: Liza subviridis (Valenciennes, 1836)
Mandarin Name: 鲻鱼(Zī yú), 达莫 (Dá mò), 草乌 (Cǎo wū), 乌鱼 (Wū yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Belanak, Belanak Anding, Kedera, Tamok
Local Hokkien: Jee-ah, Or Hu






Common Name: Squaretail Mullet
Scientific Name: Liza vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825)
Mandarin Name: 鲻鱼(Zī yú), 达莫 (Dá mò), 草乌 (Cǎo wū), 乌鱼 (Wū yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Belanak, Belanak Loban, Kedera, Tamok
Local Hokkien: Jee-ah, Or Hu






Common Name: Speigler's Mullet
Scientific Name: Valamugil speigleri  (Bleeker, 1858)
Mandarin Name: 鲻鱼(Zī yú), 达莫 (Dá mò), 草乌 (Cǎo wū), 乌鱼 (Wū yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Belanak, Kedera, Tamok, Belanak Angin, Kedera Tanda Hitam
Local Hokkien: Jee-ah, Or Hu










Common Name: East Asian Fourfinger Threadfin
Scientific Name: Eleutheronema rhadinum (Jordan & Evermann, 1902)
Mandarin Name: 四指马鲅 (Sì zhǐ mǎ bà), 午鱼 (Wǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Senangin, Senangin Rambu Empat
Local Hokkien: Ngor Hu, Pek Ngor, Ngor-ah
Remarks: The East Asian Fourfinger Threadfin is supposed to be endemic to China, Taiwan, Japan and Viet Nam. This specimen is caught in Tanjung Leman, Malaysia.






Common Name: Fourfinger Threadfin
Scientific Name: Eleutheronema tetradactylum (Shaw, 1804)
Mandarin Name: 午鱼 (Wǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Senangin, Senangin Rambu Empat
Local Hokkien: Ngor Hu, Pek Ngor








Common Name: Threefinger Threadfin
Scientific Name: Eleutheronema tridactylum (Bleeker, 1849)
Mandarin Name: 午鱼 (Wǔ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Senangin, Senangin Rambu Tiga
Local Hokkien: Ngor Hu, Pek Ngor, Soon Hong






Common Name: Indian Threadfin
Scientific Name: Leptomelanosoma indicum (Shaw, 1804)
Mandarin Name: 顺风午 (Shùnfēng wǔ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kurau, Senohong
Local Hokkien: Soon Hong, Or Ngor








Common Name: Blackspot Threadfin, Blackspot Tasselfish
Scientific Name: Polydactylus sextarius (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Senangin buih tanda
Local Hokkien: Soon Hong, Zhi Ngor






Common Name: Silver Pomfret, White Pomfret
Scientific Name: Pampus argenteus (Euphrasen, 1788)
Mandarin Name: 白鲳 (Bái chāng), 银鲳 (Yín chāng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bawal Putih, Duai Putih
Local Hokkien: Pek Cheoh






Common Name: Chinese Silver Pomfret
Scientific Name: Pampus chinensis (Euphrasen, 1788)
Mandarin Name: 斗鲳 (Dòu chāng), 斗底白鯧 (Dòu dǐ bái chāng), 斗底 (Dòu dǐ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bawal Tambak, Duai Tambak
Local Hokkien: Tau Tae






Common Name: Black Pomfret
Scientific Name: Parastromateus niger (Bloch, 1795)
Mandarin Name: 黑鲳 (Hēi chāng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bawal Hitam
Local Hokkien: Orr Cheoh






Common Name: Snubnose Pompano, Snubnose Dart
Scientific Name: Trachinotus blochii (Lacepède, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 金鲳 (Jīn chāng)
Local Malay Name: Bawalmas, Nyior-nyior, Betong, Putih
Local Hokkien: Kim Cheoh








Common Name: Cobia
Scientific Name: Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766)
Mandarin Name: 海鲡 (Hǎi lí)
Local Malay Name: Aruan Tasik
Local Hokkien: Hai Lay








Common Name: Tripletail
Scientific Name: Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch, 1790)
Local Malay Name: Kakap Batu, Kuku Laut, Patipok






Scientific Name: Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758
English Name: Common Dolphinfish, Mahi Mahi, Dorado
Mandarin Name: 鬼头刀 (Guǐ tóu dāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Belitong, Belitung, Belitong Lumba
Local Hokkien: Kui Tau Tor













Division Group: Herrings (ISSCAAP 35)

Common Name: Whitefin Wolf herring
Scientific Name: Chirocentrus nudus Swainson, 1839
Mandarin Name: 西刀鱼 (Xi dāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Rarang, Parang-parang
Remarks: Dorsal fin entirely white or colorless.






Common Name: Tenpounder
Scientific Name: Elops machnata (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 大眼海鲢 (Dà yǎn hǎi lián)
Local Malay Name: Senangin Pulau









Common Name: Indo-Pacific Tarpon
Scientific Name: Megalops cyprinoides (Broussonet, 1782)
Mandarin Name: 大海鰱 (Dà hǎi lián), 海庵 (Hǎi ān), 月亮鱼 (Yuèliàng yú), 海龙 (Hǎi lóng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Bulan, Bulan-bulan










Common Name: Fringescale Sardinella
Scientific Name: Sardinella fimbriata (Valenciennes, 1847)
Mandarin Name: 沙丁鱼 (Shā dīng yú), 淡万鱼 (Dàn wàn yú), 温鱼 (Wēn yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tamban Sisik, Tamban Sisik Tajam
Local Hokkien: Tam Ban
Remarks: Identify by the dark spot at dorsal fin origin






Common Name: Rainbow Sardine, Rainbow Herring
Scientific Name: Dussumieria acuta Valenciennes, 1847
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tamban Buluh Pelangi, Tamban Panjang






Common Name: Scaly Hairfin Anchovy
Scientific Name: Setipinna taty (Valenciennes, 1848)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kasai Janggut, Bersia, Biang, Empirang Kasai, Ikan Kucing






Common Name: Indian Anchovy
Scientific Name: Stolephorus indicus  (van Hasselt, 1823)
Mandarin Name: 江鱼仔 (Jiāng yú zǐ), 印度侧带小公鱼 (Yìndù cè dài xiǎo gōng yú) Local Malay Name: Ikan Bilis, Pusu, Teri(Indonesia), Bilis Paku, Bilis Bunga Air
Hokkien: Kang Hu Kia






Common Name: Dussumier's Thryssa
Scientific Name: Thryssa dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1848)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kasai Daun, Kasai Minyak, Bokok Daun







Division Group: Tunas, Billfishes (ISSCAAP 36)

Common Name: Bullet Tuna, Long Corseletted Frigate Mackerel
Scientific Name: Auxis rochei  (Risso, 1810)
Mandarin Name: 圆花鲣 (Yuán huā jiān), 柴鱼 (Chái yú), 金鎗魚 (Jīnqiāngyú), 鲔鱼 (Wěi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tongkol, Kayu, Bakulan, Aya Peluru
Local Hokkien: Cha Hu






Common Name: Easten Little Tuna, Kawakawa
Scientific Name: Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849)
Mandarin Name: 巴鲣 (Bā jiān), 柴鱼 (Chái yú), 金鎗魚 (Jīnqiāngyú), 鲔鱼 (Wěi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tongkol, Kayu, Bakulan, Aya Kurik
Local Hokkien: Cha Hu





Common Name: Indo-Pacific Sailfish
Scientific Name: Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792)
Mandarin Name: 雨伞旗鱼 (Yǔsǎn qí yú), 东方旗鱼 (Dōngfāng qí yú)
Local Malay Name: Layaran Pasifik, Mersuji, Layaran








Common Name: Striped Marlin
Scientific Name: Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887)
Synonym: Tetrapturus audax (Philippi, 1887)
Mandarin Name: 红肉旗鱼 (Hóng ròu qí yú),箕作枪鱼 (Jīzuò qiāng yú), 马林鱼 (Mǎ lín yú)
Local Malay Name: Marlin, Mersuji Tahil






Common Name: Narrow-barred Spanish Mackerel
Scientific Name: Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800)
Mandarin Name: 马鲛鱼 (Mǎ jiāo yú), 康氏马鲛 (Kāng shì mǎ jiāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tenggiri Batang
Local Hokkien: Tek Ka






Common Name: Indo-Pacific King Mackerel, Spotted Spanish Mackerel
Scientific Name: Scomberomorus guttatus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 马鲛鱼 (Mǎ jiāo yú), 斑点马鲛 (Bāndiǎn mǎ jiāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tenggiri Papan, Tenggiri Bunga
Local Hokkien: Beh Ka






Common Name: Korean Seerfish
Scientific Name: Scomberomorus koreanus (Kishinouye, 1915)
Mandarin Name: 马鲛鱼 (Mǎ jiāo yú), 朝鲜马鲛 (Cháoxiǎn mǎ jiāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tenggiri Korea, Luding, Dengkeh, Dengkel
Local Hokkien: Beh Ka






Common Name: Streaked Seerfish
Scientific Name: Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 马鲛鱼 (Mǎ jiāo yú), 线纹马鲛 (Xiàn wén mǎ jiāo)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tenggiri Papan
Local Hokkien: Beh Ka







Division Group: Mackerels, Snoeks, Cutlass (ISSCAAP 37)

Common Name: Indo-pacific Mackerel, Short mackerel
Scientific Name: Rastrelliger brachysoma (Bleeker, 1851)
Mandarin Name: 甘望魚 (Gān wàng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Temenung, Rumahan, Kembung Pelaling
Local Hokkien: Kambong Hu
Remarks: Body is deep and short.






Common Name: Faughni Mackerel, Island Mackerel
Scientific Name: Rastrelliger faughni Matsui, 1967
Mandarin Name: 甘望魚 (Gān wàng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Temenung, Rumahan, Mabong, Kembung Lampai
Local Hokkien: Kambong Hu, Mabong
Remarks: Body is not deep and long








Common Name: Indian Mackerel
Scientific Name: Rastrelliger kanagurta (Cuvier, 1816)
Mandarin Name: 甘望魚 (Gān wàng yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Temenung, Rumahan, Kembung Borek
Local Hokkien: Kambong Hu
Remarks: Black spot near lower margin of pectoral fins







Common Name: Tropical Two-wing Flyingfish
Scientific Name: Exocoetus volitans  Linnaeus, 1758
Mandarin Name: 大头飞鱼 (Dà tóu fēi yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Terbang, Belalang, Terbang Tropika
Local Hokkien: Phuay Hu












Common Name: Flat Needlefish
Scientific Name: Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846)
Mandarin Name: 尖嘴鱼 (Jiān zuǐ yú), 扁鹤鱵 (Biǎn hè​​zhēn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Todak, Jolong-jolong, Todak Nipis
Local Hokkien: Teik Long Song, Hai Chiam









Common Name: Keel-jawed Needlefish
Scientific Name: Tylosurus acus melanotus  (Bleeker, 1850)
Mandarin Name: 黑背圓頜針魚 (Hēi bèi yuán gé zhēn yú), 尖嘴鱼 (Jiān zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Todak, Jolong-jolong, Todak Banang
Local Hokkien: Teik Long Song, Hai Chiam












Common Name: Hound Needlefish
Scientific Name: Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & Lesueur 1821)
Mandarin Name: 鳄叉尾鹤鱵 (È chā wěi hè zhēn), 尖嘴鱼 (Jiān zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Todak, Todak Buaya
Local Hokkien: Teik Long Song, Hai Chiam










Common Name: Spotted Long-tom, Spongyjawed Needlefish
Scientific Name: Tylosurus punctulatus (Günther, 1872)
Mandarin Name: 尖嘴鱼 (Jiān zuǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Todak
Local Hokkien: Teik Long Song, Hai Chiam








Common Name: Quoy's Garfish, Quoy's Halfbeak
Scientific Name: Hyporhamphus quoyi  (Valenciennes, 1847)
Mandarin Name: 黑尾鱵 (Hēi wěi zhēn), 水针 (Shuǐ zhēn)
Local Malay Name: Jolong-jolong, Jolong Kuala
Local Hokkien: Chui Chiam






Common Name: Pygmy Halfbeak, Malayan Pygmy Halfbeak
Scientific Name: Dermogenys collettei  Meisner, 2001
Local Malay Name: Ikan Julong, Jolong-jolong
Local Hokkien: Chui Chiam










Common Name: Razorback Scabbardfish
Scientific Name: Assurger anzac  (Alexander, 1917)
Mandarin Name: 长剃刀带鱼 (Zhǎng tìdāo dàiyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Timah, Layur, Selayur, Timah-layur
Local Hokkien: Pek Tua






Common Name: Large-head Hairtail
Scientific Name: Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758
Mandarin Name: 白带鱼 (Bái dàiyú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Timah, Layur, Selayur
Local Hokkien: Pek Tua






Common Name: Live Sharksucker
Scientific Name: Echeneis naucrates Linnaeus, 1758
Mandarin Name: 长印鱼 ( Zhǎng yìn yú )
Local Malay Name: Ikan Selipar, Gedemi, Tapak Kasut









Division Group: Diadromous Fishes (ISSCAAP 25)

Common Name: Giant Sea Perch, Barramundi
Scientific Name: Lates calcarifer (Bloch, 1790)
Mandarin Name: 尖吻鲈(Jiān wěn lú), 金目鲈 (Jīnmù lú), 盲槽 (Máng cáo), 石甲 (Shí jiǎ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Siakap
Local Hokkien: Siakap, Kim Bak Lor
Local Teochew: Siakap
Local Cantonese: Seck Kap






Common Name: Waigieu Seaperch
Scientific Name: Psammoperca waigiensis (Cuvier, 1828)
Mandarin Name: 红眼鲈(Hóngyǎn lú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Gelam, Siakap Laut, Kakap Laut, Selungsung








Common Name: Milkfish, Bangos
Scientific Name: Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 虱目鱼 (Shī mù yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Susu, Bagas, Bandang









Division Group: Shads, Milk fishes etc (ISSCAAP 24)


Common Name: Kelee Shad
Scientific Name: Hilsa kelee (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 鲥鱼(Shí yú), 花点鲥 (Huā diǎn shí)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Tiram, Terubok, Tamban Tiram, Empirit






Common Name: Japanese Gizzard Shad
Scientific Name: Nematalosa japonica Regan, 1917
Local Malay Name: Ikan Kebasi, Selangat Jepun






Common Name: Toli Shad
Scientific Name: Tenualosa toli (Valenciennes, 1847)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Terubok, Terubuk Jantan, Terubuk Mulut Besar, Terubok Sungai
Local Hokkien: Chi Kak Hu






Common Name: Elongated Ilisha
Scientific Name: Ilisha elongata (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Beliak Mata, Ikan Puput, Puput Bulan





Common Name: Bigeye Ilisha
Scientific Name: Ilisha megaloptera  (Swainson, 1839)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Beliak Mata, Ikan Puput, Puput Melaka, Puput






Common Name: Tardoore
Scientific Name: Opisthopterus tardoore (Cuvier, 1829)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Puput, Menipis Ekor Panjang






Division Group: Flounders , Halibut Soles, etc. (ISSCAAP 31)

Common Name: Largetooth Flounder
Scientific Name: Pseudorhombus arsius  (Hamilton, 1822)
Mandarin Name: 大牙斑鮃 (Dàyá bān píng), 大齿斑鲆 (Dà chǐ bān píng), 比目鱼 (Bǐmùyú), 偏口鱼 (Piān kǒu yú), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Sebelah, Sisa Nabi, Sebelah Gigi Besar








Common Name: Indian Halibut
Scientific Name: Psettodes erumei  (Bloch and Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 斑鮃 (Bān píng), 大比目鱼 ( Dà bǐmùyú ), 偏口鱼 (Piān kǒu yú), 右口鱼 (Yòu kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Sebelah, Sisa Nabi, Togok








Common Name: Not Available (Tonguefish, Tonguesole)
Scientific Name: Cynoglossus macrolepidotus  (Bleeker, 1851)
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah
Local Teochew: Leng Chik






Common Name: Largescale Tonguesole
Scientific Name: Cynoglossus arel  (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah, Lidah Sisik Besar
Local Teochew: Leng Chik








Common Name: Fourlined Tonguesole
Scientific Name: Cynoglossus bilineatus  (Lacepède, 1802)
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah Pasir
Local Teochew: Leng Chik






Common Name: Long Tongue Sole
Scientific Name: Cynoglossus lingua  Hamilton, 1822
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 左口鱼 (Zuǒ kǒu yú), 长体舌鳎 (Zhǎng tǐ shé tǎ)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah Pajang
Local Teochew: Leng Chik








Common Name: Commerson's Sole
Scientific Name: Synaptura commersonnii  (Lacepède, 1802)
Mandarin Name: 舌鰨 (Shé tǎ), 右口鱼 (Yòu kǒu yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Lidah. Lidah Daun Tirus









Species Group: Sharks, Rays, Chimaeras, etc.(ISSCAAP 38)

Common Name: Pale-edged Stingray
Scientific Name: Dasyatis zugei  (Müller & Henle, 1841)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Ketuka, Tuka
Local Hokkien: Hung Heur
Local Teochew: Hung Hu
Remarks: Two very venomous spikes at the tail of this particular species that can whip upward. Be very careful when handling all types of ray.






Common Name: Bluespotted Ribbontail Ray
Scientific Name: Taeniura lymma (Forsskål, 1775)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 蓝点魔鬼鱼 (Lán diǎn móguǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Karang
Local Hokkien: Hung Heur
Local Teochew: Hung Hu
Remarks: Very venomous spike or sometimes there are two spikes at the tail that can whip upward. Be very careful when handling all types of ray.






Common Name: Sharpnose Stingray, Whitespotted Whipray
Scientific Name: Himantura gerrardi (Gray, 1851)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú), 齐氏土魟 (Qí shì tǔ hóng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Bintik Putih
Local Hokkien: Hung Heur
Local Teochew: Hung Hu
Remarks: Venomous spikes at the tail of this particular species that can whip upward. Be very careful when handling all types of ray.






Common Name: Honeycomb Stingray, Leopard Whipray
Scientific Name: Himantura undulata (Bleeker, 1852)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú), 波缘窄尾魟 (Bō yuán zhǎi wěi hóng)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Rimau, Pari Bunga, Pari Batik
Local Hokkien: Hung Heur
Local Teochew: Hung Hu
Remarks: Venomous spikes at the tail of this particular species that can whip upward. Be very careful when handling all types of ray.








Common Name: Plain Maskray
Scientific Name: Neotrygon annotata (Last, 1987)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Coklat Kelabu
Local Hokkien: Hung Heur
Local Teochew: Hung Hu
Remarks: Two very venomous spikes at the tail of this particular species that can whip upward. Be very careful when handling all types of ray.








Common Name: Spotted Eagle Ray
Scientific Name: Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen, 1790)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Helang, Pari-lang Bintik Putih
Local Hokkien: Hung Heur
Local Teochew: Hung Hu
Remarks: Very venomous spike or sometimes there are two spikes at the tail that can whip upward. Be very careful when handling all types of ray.








Common Name: Javanese Cownose Ray, Flapnose Ray
Scientific Name: Rhinoptera javanica Müller & Henle, 1841
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari Pari Kelawar Jawa, Pari Susun








Common Name: Shortfin Devil Ray, Lesser Devilray
Scientific Name: Mobula kuhlii (Müller & Henle, 1841)
Mandarin Name: 魟鱼 (Hōng yú), 魔鬼鱼 (Móguǐ yú)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Pari, Pari Paus Tanpa Duri, Pari Kelawar, Pari Kalok









Common Name: Whitespotted Wedgefish, White-spotted Shovelnose Ray
Scientific Name: Rhynchobatus australiae Whitley, 1939
Local Malay Name: Ikan Yu Kemejan Kia-kia, Perejang






Common Name: Broadnose Wedgefish
Scientific Name: Rhynchobatus springeri  Compagno & Last, 2010
Local Malay Name: Ikan Yu Kemejan










Common Name: Granulated Guitarfish
Scientific Name: Glaucostegus granulatus (Cuvier, 1829)
Mandarin Name: 琵琶鲼 (Pípá fèn)
Local Malay Name: Ikan Yu Kemejan






Common Name: Spadenose Shark, Yellow Dogshark, Indian Dogshark
Scientific Name: Scoliodon laticaudus Müller & Henle, 1838
Mandarin Name:: 尖头沙 (Jiāntóushā)
Local Malay Name: Yu Jerih, Jerung, Yu Padi
Local Hokkien: Sua Hu






Common Name: Whale Shark
Scientific Name: Rhincodon typus Smith, 1828
Mandarin Name: 豆腐沙 (Dòu fu shā)
Local Malay Name: Yu Paus






Common Name: Brownbanded Bambooshark
Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium punctatum Müller & Henle, 1838
Mandarin Name: 狗母鲨 (Gǒu mǔ shā)
Local Malay Name: Yu Bodoh, Yu Tokeh, Yu Punai, Yu-cicak Insang Putih
Local Hokkien: Kau Bo Sua






Common Name: Slender Bambooshark
Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium indicum (Gmelin, 1789)
Mandarin Name: 狗母鲨 (Gǒu mǔ shā)
Local Malay Name: Yu Bodoh, Yu Tokeh, Yu Punai, Yu-cicak Tembaga
Local Hokkien: Kau Bo Sua






Common Name: Whitespotted Bambooshark
Scientific Name: Chiloscyllium plagiosum (Anonymous [Bennett], 1830)
Mandarin Name: 狗母鲨 (Gǒu mǔ shā)
Local Malay Name: Yu Bodoh, Yu Tokeh, Yu Punai, Yu-cicak bintik putih
Local Hokkien: Kau Bo Sua





Notes:

ISSCAAP = International Standard Statistical Classification of Aquatic Animals and Plants

D = Demersal finfishes
Demersal fishes lives in greater depth of oceans. They are also called bottom feeders.

P = Pelagic finfishes
Pelagic fishes are found mostly at shallow depths and their availability decreases with depth as food material and oxygen became scarce.

sp. = Species
spp. = Several Species (Species Plural)

References:

Lauretta Burke, Liz Selig (WRI), and Mark Spalding (2002). Biodiversity of Southeast AsianCoral Reefs in: Reefs at Risk in Southeast Asia. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. pp 13

Mohd Azmi Ambak, Mansor Mat Isa, Mohd Zaidi Zakaria and Mazlan Abd Ghaffar (2010) Fishes of Malaysia. Universiti Malaysia Trengganu, Malaysia. Penerbit UMT.

Fishbase. Available at:
http://www.fishbase.org

Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Available at:
http://www.fao.org/fishery/